Adherence to the mediterranean diet and academic performance in schoolchildren from 1st and 2nd of Compulsory School | Abstract

Abstract

Adherence to the mediterranean diet and academic performance in schoolchildren from 1st and 2nd of Compulsory School

Author(s): Eva María PELÁEZ BARRIOS, Mercedes VERNETTA

Objetive: The objetive was to know the relationships between adherence to the mediterranean diet (MD) and academic performance (AP).

Method: 129 school adolescents (56 girls and 73 boys) aged between 12 and 14 years. Adherence to MD was analyzed using the kidmed index and AP calculating with the global mean grade for subjects. Anthropometric measurements were taken, calculating with weight and height the Body Mass Index (BMI), and with the waist circumference and height,, the waist height ratio (WHR).

Results: The results indicated that only 24% of the adolescents obtained optimal adherence MD, the AP was higher in girls than in boys with a slightly higher average in all subjects except physical education and mathematics. 61.2% of adolescents presented normal weight, and an appropriate WHR for their age.

Conclusion: a high number of schoolchildren have to improve their eating patter, the overall AP was better in girls but without differences with boys, there being no relationship between adherence to MD and AP.