Bavaresco, Thaiany Piazera Fanni1; Dos Santos, Rafalea1; De Liz, Sheyla2; Di Pietro, Patricia Faria2; De Assis, Maria Alice Altenburg2; Vieira, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi2
Introduction: The World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and the American Institute of Cancer Research (AICR) published in 2007, recommendations about nutrition and physical activity for the prevention and recurrence of cancer
Objective: Assess the adherence to recommendation of the WCRF/AICR of women during adjuvant treatment for breast cancer.
Methods: Before-and-after clinical study, in which women were assessed similarly before and after the end of the adjuvant treatment (±12 months) according the adherence of the WCRF/AICR recommendations. The comparison was performed by using paired t test, Wilcoxon or McNemar’s.
Results: Of the 78 participants of the study only 46.1% breastfed your children exclusively until the 6 months of life. After the treatment increase the prevalence of women with overweight resulting in increased body mass index average (+1.1kg/m2) and in waist circumference (+2.0cm). The prevalence of sedentary women have not significantly decreased (5.1%) and the prevalence of women with diet energy density above of the recommended (125 Kcal/100g/day) increased significantly (15.4%). Non-significant decrease in the prevalence of the intake of animal foods (9.0%) and increase of intake of foods of plant origin (7.7%) according the recommended were observed. Most women presented both before and after treatment consumption of alcoholic drinks and sodium and use of dietary supplements in accordance with the recommendation.Discussion: After the adjuvant treatment for breast cancer the majority of the women still not adhering to WCRF/AICR recommendations regarding weight maintenance and waist circumference adequate, practice of physical activity and diet energy density.
Conclusion: Strategies of nutritional education should be conducted in order to incentive a healthy life and improve the diet quality these patients.