Analysis of the economic cost generated by nutritional problems in an indigenous community: Case study in children from Tepelmeme, Oaxaca, Mexico | Abstract

Abstract

Analysis of the economic cost generated by nutritional problems in an indigenous community: Case study in children from Tepelmeme, Oaxaca, Mexico

Author(s): Xenia MENA ESPINO1,3, María Elena TAVERA CORT�S2, Martha JIM�NEZ GARCÍA2, Raúl Junior SANDOVAL G�MEZ2, Eric Daniel LUIS SÁNCHEZ4

Introduction: Currently, we face significant health problems in the population caused by bad eating habits, acquired from childhood. It is generating incorrect eating habits until adulthood. The problem comes to be generated by factors of education, geographical areas and family economy.

Methodology: This work consists of a study carried out in a rural community in the State of Oaxaca in children between the ages of 3 and 12, to whom questionnaires were applied to know their eating habits, in addition, anthropometric measurements such as height, weight and BMI.

Results: It was determined through this work that most children in this community hardly consume junk food. Their heights and weights were compared with data from children of the same age obtained by the World Health Organization (WHO). It was observed within the ranges of the exact parameters obtained in the children studied.

Conclusion: Children must be fed healthily so as not to generate subsequent health problems, such as chronic diseases, among which are mainly diabetes, hypertension, obesity and other health problems that, in addition to the impact on the quality of life of people, over the years becomes a very significant economic burden to the health sector and the economy of the families themselves.