Thees, Tatiana Yria de Paula1; Pereira, Priscila Moreira de Lima1; Gomes Bastos, Marcus2; CÃ¢ndido, Ana Paula Carlos1
Introduction: Nutritional assessment of patients with CKD is important for planning interventions that contribute to reducing disease progression and minimizing negative outcomes. This article aimed to describe the socioeconomic, anthropometric and biochemical profile of chronic renal patients in conservative treatment and to evaluate the influence of the disease on the nutritional status.
Methods: An observational, cross - sectional study was carried out to evaluate the socioeconomic, anthropometric and biochemical profile of patients with CKD in a conservative treatment center in Juiz de Fora (MG).
Results: The sample consisted of 188 individuals, 59% male, with a mean age of 69.64 ± 9.46 years, 62.2% did not finish elementary school and the median per capita income was below a minimum wage. Most were in Stage 3B (35.1%)or 4 of the disease (34%). Both sexes presented high prevalences of overweight (81.2% of adults and 56.1% of elderly) and high waist circumference (80.9%). On the biochemical tests, hypercholesterolemia was observed in 33%, low HDL in 39.7% and high fasting glucose in diabetics (135.06 ± 53.67mg / dl). Minerals were suitable for most patients. Only serum, potassium and phosphorus levels were different between the stages of CKD, and the glomerular filtration rate was correlated with age, BMI, potassium and phosphorus.
Conclusion: The evaluation of nutritional status and biochemical tests are fundamental, as they have an important impact on the prognosis and quality of life of these patients.