Kuzmar, Isaac1; CortÃ©s, Ernesto2; Rizo, Mercedes1
Objective: To evaluate the genre treatment results at a nutrition clinic for overweight and obesity.
Methods: A clinical study was conducted among overweight and obese patients who consulted a nutrition clinic for the purpose of nutritional assessment, subject to a personalized weekly follow-up consultation over the course of 16 weeks in which food consumption patterns, body image and weight decreasing.
Results: Women attend more than men (233 versus 38); a total of 271 patients were evaluated, discarding 98 women and 2 men because normal weight (Chi2 test p<0.001, OR=0.08, 95%CI 0.01 to 0.32 for aesthetic reasons by gender). 171 patients followed the treatment, 155 (122 women and 33 men), with a 68.4 % success in weight and waist loss and with no statistical difference between genders. Weight loss in patients who have followed the treatment is higher in men than in women (6.2% (4.2SD) versus 4.6% (3.8SD), p=0.026); greater BMI decrease in men than in women (2.0kg/m2 (1.4SD) versus 1.0kg/m2 (1.1SD) p=0.009); and higher waist loss percentage (8.1% (4.6SD) versus 6.2% (3.8SD), p=0.018); being no significant difference in hip loss percentage. By multinomial logistic analysis correlation the only determining significantly factor (p<0.001) in weight loss success is inversely age; so there are more older age failures with no BMI group or gender influence.
Conclusion: Based on these results, women attend more for aesthetic reasons than men, with equal treatment adherence in both sexes. However, men get higher losses than women. Age conditions inversely treatment success.