De Almeida, Alinne Paula1; Rocha, Daniela Mayumi Usuda Prado1; Ferreira, LÃlian MendonÃ§a2; De Novaes, Juliana Farias3; Hermsdorff, Helen Hermana Miranda3
Introduction: The bioactive compounds play an important antioxidant role and provide an adjuvant treatment to fight Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases.
Objective: To determine the current intake of bioactive compounds (carotenoids and polyphenols) in subjects with cardiometabolic risk.
Methods: Cross-sectional study of 227 subjects who participated in the Cardiovascular Health Care Program of the Federal University of Viçosa. Data of current dietary intake were collected for the determination of carotenoids, polyphenols, micronutrients and macronutrients consumption using a 24-hour recall. Data of anthropometry, body composition, sociodemographic conditions and lifestyle were also evaluated. The Mann Whitney test and Spearman correlation were performed using SPSS v.20.0, with significance of p <0.05. The nutrients and bioactive compounds were adjusted by the daily caloric intake using the residual method.
Results: Women accounted for 59.5% (n = 135) of the sample, the median age was 44 years (19-84 years). The intake of beta-carotene, kaempferol, cyanidin, definidine and the polyphenol sum was higher in men (p 2.52 mg / day) had lower values of total body fat (p <0.001).
Conclusion: Our results indicate that a higher intake of kaempferol was associated with lower values of total adiposity indicators. However, more studies are necessary to establish the mechanisms involved in their potential benefits regarding adiposity and metabolic response.