Ortega-CortÃ©s, Rosa1; Trujillo, XÃ³chitl2; Hurtado LÃ³pez, Erika Fabiola1; LÃ³pez BeltrÃ¡n, Ana Laura3; Colunga RodrÃguez, Cecilia4; Barrera de LeÃ³n, Juan Carlos4; Tlacuilo Parra, JosÃ© Alberto4
Introduction: The components of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in children are complications that without opportune intervention will cause dramatic repercussions before reaching adulthood.
Aim: To Identify and compare the traditional and nontraditional components of the metabolic syndrome in overweight children and adolescents.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed using data from 172 obese patients (6-15 years old). The variables analyzed were: Waist circumference (cm), glucose (mg / dl), high density lipoprotein (mg / dl), triglycerides (mg / dl), blood pressure (mm / Hg), insulin (microU / ml), index insulin resistance (HOMA), acanthosis nigricans (AN), uric acid (mg / dl) and NAFLD. Protocols: International standards for age and gender applied to the variables and liver ultrasound, diagnosis of MS by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and Latin American Diabetes Association (ALAD). The statistics performed were frequencies, percentages and X2.
Results: N = 172. 55.2% female, 69.8% adolescents (11-15 years), 30.2% children (6-10 years). Average age: 11.7 ± 2.3. Components of MS: visceral obesity 94%; pre-hypertension 18%; hypertension 25.6%; hypertriglyceridemia 72.6%; Low HDL 59.3%; Hyperglycemia 6.4%; Hyperuricemia 52.9%; Hyperinsuli nemia 76.7%; Insulin Resistance (HOMA) 80.8%; Diabetes Mellitus 2.3%; AN 88.4% and Nonalcoholic fatty liver 14%. Diagnosis of MS: 48.8%. Hypertension, hyperinsulinemia, RI, hyperuricemia and AN were more common in adolescents. One component was higher in children (p 0.017) and 4 components in adolescents (p 0.002).
Conclusions: The most frequent pediatric components of MS are cardiovascular risk factors, the hyperuricemia is a novel component that should be investigated for being predictor of endothelial damage. The children had fewer components, increasing in quantity and severity in adolescents.