Objective: to analyze the consumption of junk food in elderpeoplelivinginruralandurbanareas,aswellastover- ifyiftherearesignificantdifferencesbetweenboth.
Method: cross-sectional descriptive study in 346 elder people in a fork of age 65-95 years, living in Porzuna and Madrid. Data collection: self-administered survey with Likert scale. Data analysis: Chi-square, significance value p, confi- denceintervals.
Results: 27% of rural elder people (n=46, SD=16,26; CI95%=53,87-61,13)and39%ofurbanelderpeople(n=69) consume junk food, with significant differences: 2(1) = 6,1052; X2 crítico = 3,8415; p = 0,014 < 0,05. If we talk abouttheconsequencesinelderpeople ?shealth,45%ofthe rural elder people (n=42, SD=14,14; I95%=48,84-55,16) and90%oftheurbanelderpeople(n=62)perceivethemas negative without statistically significant differences: X2(1) =0,067; X2crítico=3,8415; p=0,7957>0,05.
Discussion: the Business School has registered in Spain anincreaseinspendingon“junkfood”percapitaof49.65% compared to 2014. According to Garcia and illalobos, their consumptionintheelderlyisduetothedecreaseinpurchas-ingpower,wife ?sdeathand/orthelackofsocialsupport.
Conclusions: there are statistically significant differences in the consumption of “junk food”, but not in the perception that the elderly of both groups have about their state of healthderivedfromtheirconsumption.