Soares Santos, Alana1; Tatiane do Nascimento de Jesus, Carla1; Santos da Mota, Daiane1; Lacerdas, Doriane da ConceiÃ§Ã£o2; Palmeira dos Santos, Tatiana Maria3
Introduction: Adequate investigation of the nutritional status of hospitalized patients is directly related to the improvement in their recovery and to a shorter hospital stay. Infant nutritional screening is evaluated in two tools that use different methods: The Risk Screening for Nutritional Status and Growth (STRONGkids) and the Global Subjective Nutrition Assessment (ANSG).
Objective: To compare the association of tools that track the nutritional risk between the ANSG and the STRONGkids.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive, non-probabilistic per convenience, study, which seeks the participation of 274 children aged 0 to 9 years of age, of both genders, from April to June 2016 admitted to pediatrics of the hospital of Emergency of Sergipe. Collected and anthropometric data were applied to SGA and STRONGkids. The analysis of proportions comparison and concordance evaluation was performed, being significant p <0.05.
Results: Of the 274 children interned, 76.3% were older than 5 years and 23.7% were under 5 years of age, in an age group between 1 month and 9 years of age. The most common clinical diagnoses were: 115 (42%) respiratory complications; 33 (12.04) % infection and 32 (11.6%) intestinal complications. Among the children analyzed, 87.6% had comorbidities. And according to subjective methods, it was observed that the ANSG evaluation, 93.4% low nutritional risk, while in STRONGKids 40.5% low nutritional risk and 51.8% moderate, (p <0.05).
Conclusion: Evaluations using the tools tested were associated with hospital admission and length of hospital stay. Although, STRONGkids presented greater agreement when compared to ANSG.