Cacau, Leandro Teixeira1; Sampaio, Helena Alves de Carvalho2; Carioca, AntÃ´nio Augusto Ferreira3; Pinheiro, Luiz Gonzaga Porto4; Rocha, Daianne Cristina5; Bezerra, Ilana Nogueira2; Mendes, Ana Luiza de Rezende Ferreira6
Introduction: Breast cancer is a public health problem, being responsible for most cancers, affecting mainly women. Several sizes are related to its development, such as a low micronutrient diet.
Objective: To obtain a relationship between dietary adequacy of micronutrients and mammogram results of women treated at a mastology service.
Methodology: Cross-sectional study conducted in a reference service for the diagnosis of mastology of the Unified Health System, located in the state capital of Ceará, in northeastern Brazil. Data were collected between 2016 and 2017 with 648 women. Sociodemographic, food consumption and mammography reports were collected. Food intake was sampled using two 24-hour dietary records and was judged according to a Reference Dietary Intake. How mammograms were evaluated according to the Breast Image Reporting and Data System. As analyzes were made in SPPS version 20.0 and were values with p <0.05 as significant.
Results: The average participation was 52.4 (9.3) years. Higher prevalence of inadequacy was observed for vitamins A, D and E and for minerals, calcium and magnesium in both groups. In the average consumption evaluation, differences were found for magnesium (p = 0.008) and phosphorus (p = 0.009) consumption between women with altered and unchanged findings.
Discussion: Of the micronutrients evaluated in our study, the main ones that obtained large proportions of inadequacy, stand out as vitamins A, D and E the magnesium and calcium minerals, regardless of the group evaluated, corroborating with other studies already performed.
Conclusion: The high prevalence of inadequate intake generates pain, while micronutrients are proposed as preventive components of breast cancer.