Dietary intake of calcium, magnesium and zinc in women with | 75855


Dietary intake of calcium, magnesium and zinc in women with pre-eclampsia and diabetes gestacional

Author(s): Dantas, Maryze Valéria Lima¹; Nascimento, Fransoaine Graviel do¹; Rocha, Vivianne de Sousa²

Introduction: The preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes (GDM) cause unfavorable outcomes for mother and fetus. The food intake is an important factor and has been little studied in the course of these gestational complications.

Objective: To estimate the dietary intake of calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and zinc (Zn) in women with pregnancy complications and its association with PE risk factors and DMG.

Methods: Participated 80 pregnant women allocated in the groups control (CT), PE and DMG as medical diagnosis. Weight and height were measured, a validated food frequency questionnaire was used to estimate the intake of Ca, Mg and Zn, and subsequently analyzed for the adequacy of dietary intake by the Dietary Reference Intakes. It was considered α = 5%.

Results: The gestational age varied from 29 to 33 weeks. The pregnancy Body Mass Index (BMI) was more for the DMG group than for CT (P = 0.041). The mean dietary intake of Ca, Mg and Zn were similar between groups. However, it was observed that 87%, 100% and 23% of inadequate intake of Ca, Mg and Zn for PE group and 90%, 100% and 20% for the DMG group.

Conclusions: The women studied showed a high risk of deficiency for Ca and Mg.


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Journal Highlights
  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Cholesterol, Dehydration
  • Digestion
  • Electrolytes
  • Clinical Nutrition Studies
  • energy balance
  • Diet quality
  • Clinical Nutrition and Hospital Dietetics