Santos, Ranailla Lima Bandeira1; Pereira, Alessandra da Silva2; Carvalho, Izabel Vargas Rocha3
Introduction: Spinal diseases are considered a public health issue because of its impact and prevalence in the population. These may have an inflammatory origin and strong correlation with excess body weight associated with increased spine overload. Fatty acids polyunsaturated omega 3 and omega 6 have an important function in the inflammatory state. The consumption of foods that provide a proper proportion of these nutrients can help prevent chronic and inflammatory diseases, and the symptoms of obesity.
Objective: To evaluate the nutritional status and consumption of omega 3 and 6 patients at the center of specialized care in diseases of the spine.
Methods: In a cross-sectional study evaluated 40 patients treated at the Nutrition Clinic at the Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics Jamil Haddad. Sociodemographic, dietary variables were analyzed (energy, protein, carbohydrates and fats, omega 3 and 6), anthropometric (weight, height and body mass index) and biochemical (LDL, HDL and triglycerides). In all variables averages and standard deviations were used.
Results: The mean body mass index was 31.21 kg/m² (± 4.5 kg/m²), with 87.5% of the population above the normal rate. Energy consumption and the percentage distribution of proteins and carbohydrates were inadequate. The ratio of omega-6 fatty acids was relatively high when compared to omega-3. The Lipid profile showed inadequacy.
Conclusion: The studied population presents health risks, given the high prevalence of excess body weight along with the inadequate intake of macronutrients and omega 3 and 6. Therefore, nutritional interventions are necessary, given that the ratio of these nutrients has an impact on the inflammatory status in spinal diseases and obesity