Evaluation of nutritional status in diabetic and non-diabeti | 76250


Evaluation of nutritional status in diabetic and non-diabetic centenarians from Havana (Cuba).

Author(s): Pimienta Suri, A.1; Massip Nicot, J.2; Carvajal Veitía, W.3; Massip Nicot, T.4

Background: Some studies have found that, over the years, in addition to increasing body fat is redistributed unfavorable to the health of the elderly way, the amount of adipose tissue in the center of the body, which can be an important risk factor for the development of chronic diseases such as Diabetes Mellitus. The target was the nutritional status of centenarians assessed diabetic and not diabetic and changes in anthropometric indicators were explored.

Methods: An analytical study of cases and randomly selected controls were performed. A total of 70 centenarians Havana, 35 diabetic and 35 nondiabetic controls, which were calculated the body mass index, arm and leg were studied. Absolute frequencies and percentages as well as mean standard deviation for quantitative variables were calculated.

Results: In both groups predominated women compared to men, were distributed by age between 100 and 104 years, both diabetics ancient and non-diabetics had, in 2010, a normal nutritional status according to BMI and brachial circumference, but not for the calf circumference showed malnutrition in both groups.

Conclusions: Nutritional status of diabetic and nondiabetic centenarian was acceptable in terms of body mass index and arm circumference, but not in terms of calf circumference where malnutrition was evident.

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Citations : 2439

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Journal Highlights
  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Cholesterol, Dehydration
  • Digestion
  • Electrolytes
  • Clinical Nutrition Studies
  • energy balance
  • Diet quality
  • Clinical Nutrition and Hospital Dietetics