Sevilla Ruiz, MarÃa Isabel1; Franco SÃ¡nchez, Alejandro1,2
Summary: Throughout this article we show data from diseases caused by Salmonella spp strains and also we reviewed in both health and councils areas in the Region of Murcia. We studied the evolution of these diseases from 2003 to 2013. We analyzed the distribution of cases by general and familiar ranges and cases of typhoid and paratyphoid fever as well.
Methods: We selected journals articles included in the Index Citation Reports. We also reviewed data from the Epidemiological Bulletin of the Region of Murcia and informative campaigns oriented to prevention of notifiable diseases.
Results: Salmonellaspp. was identified in 122 outbreaks (53 general cases, family cases 63 and 6 unknown) with a balance of 1989 cases. Food like egg caused 74 outbreaks, followed by meat products (18 outbreaks), shellfish (15 outbreaks), fish and processed fish (12 outbreaks). In the last 11 years were detected 37 cases of typhoid and paratyphoid fever. 15 have occurred in men, 19 in women and 3 unknown genders.
Discussion: Data showed the evolution of foodborne diseases outbreaks caused by Salmonellaspp. strains during 2003-2013 in the Region of Murcia. The highest number of outbreaks took place in familiar and general ranges. Outbreaks caused by Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi declined due to sanctions and preventive measures. However, in the Region of Murcia has not developed preventive campaigns aimed at avoid outbreaks in family range. On the other hand, specialized care centers showed uneven health coverage, for that reason is necessary to improve the notification procedure.
Conclusions: In the Region of Murcia sanctions in the last 11 years reduced the number of foodborne diseases outbreaks and Salmonellaspp. was the most frequently isolated agent. Health coverage data make evident why is required to improve the reporting system. They also demand collaboration of council health ser - vices and Epidemiology Service of the Ministry of Health, in order to correct the current limitations.