Food of tarahumara schoolchildren in the community of Agua Z | 76333


Food of tarahumara schoolchildren in the community of Agua Zarca, Chihuahua, México

Author(s): Benítez Hernández, Zuliana1; De la Torre Díaz, María Lourdes1; Cervantes Borunda, Mónica1; Hernández Torres, Rosa Patricia1; Cabañas Armesilla, María Dolores2; López-Ejeda, Noemí 2; Marrodán Serrano, María Dolores2,3,4

Introduction: The Tarahumaras are a native people of the Sierra Madre Occidental, in the state of Chihuahua and one of the poorest in Mexico. The National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples maintains a food programme in school shelters to alleviate child malnutrition.

Objective: to analyse the adequacy of the diet that schoolchildren follow in the shelter and to compare it with what they have at home.

Methods: the sample is 50 schoolchildren of both sexes (age 9.78 ± 1.25 years) attending the “Ignacio León Ruíz Indigenous Shelter School” in Agua Zarca. A 24-hour reminder was applied at school and at home. The consumption of energy, macro and micronutrients was analyzed taking as a reference the recommendations for the Mexican population.

Results: energy and all-nutrient intake was higher at school meal (p < 0.001), but the proportion of subjects with deficient intake was for niacin (40%), folic acid (40%-55%), calcium (23.3%-35%), iron (35%), magnesium (55%) and zinc (80%). In households, up to 50% of boys and 83.3% of girls did not reach coverage for ascorbic acid, thiamin and riboflavin; between 70%-95% reported low sodium, magnesium and potassium intake. More than 50% were deficient in all micronutrients and no schoolchildren achieved coverage for calcium and zinc.

Conclusions: The shelters provide a qualitatively and quantitatively better diet than the home, but this is not enough to cover the needs of the schoolchildren.

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Journal Highlights
  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Cholesterol, Dehydration
  • Digestion
  • Electrolytes
  • Clinical Nutrition Studies
  • energy balance
  • Diet quality
  • Clinical Nutrition and Hospital Dietetics