LÃ³pez Valiente, Carmen1; Cuenca Quesada, NoemÃ2
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder of the digestive tract. It is a functional gastrointestinal disorder of unknown cause, but not provoked by an infection or a particular structural problem. There are four subtypes of IBS caused by the interaction of various factors. There are no direct diagnostic tests to identify the problem, and the treatment only works on the symptoms. Patients undergoing many medical tests to rule out pathologies. In this case report the patient, with IBS and dysbiosis, underwent a FODMAPs free diet (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols) combined with ingestion of probiotics with the aim of improving gastrointestinal problems. Before and during this time the intestinal microbiota metagenomics to determine the possibility of submitting dysbiosis or not performed. Because IBS patients may show dysbiosis, there is growing interest in the study of intestinal microbiota. Metagenomics studies of intestinal microbiota revealed dysbiosis and maintaining it with diet and consumption of probiotics. Treatment results suggest that the control of diet, both in terms of duration and intake of macro and micronutrients, as well as the regeneration of the microbiota by consuming probiotics, may be essential for the patient to alleviate the symptoms associated with IBS.