Cal FernÃ¡ndez, MarÃa; GarcÃa-Mayor, Ricardo V.
Objective: To know the Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence in a sample of the population in South Galicia.
Methods: Two-hundred-one (103 females) were included in the present study, mean age 56.6 ± 19 years, range 18-88,with a mean BMI of 25 ± 4. They were submitted to a simple questionnaire, useful for clinical practice, used for the PREMID group, consists of 9 questions.
Results: 13.9%, 23.8% and 62.2%, from the total sample had high, intermediate and low adherence to the Mediterranean diet. When the sample of subjects was split for BMI, in the normal-weight group, 89.3% of subjects have higher adherence to the MD, while those with BMI ≥ 30 only 10.7% have high adherence, p <0.05.
Conclusions: Low adherence to MD was observed in the sample of the population studied. Low, MD adherence is associated with high risk to develop obesity.