Severo, Juliana Soares1; Morais, Jennifer Beatriz Silva1; Freitas, TaynÃ¡h Emannuelle Coelho de1; Cruz, Kyria Jayanne ClÃmaco2; Oliveira, Ana Raquel Soares de2; Poltronieri, Fabiana3; Marreiro, Dilina do Nascimento4
Recent studies have shown inadequate intake of various nutrients, and magnesium, in particular is a mineral with reduced consumption among the population. Therefore, considering the importance of magnesium metabolism in maintenance of homeostasis, the paucity of data regarding the consumption of this mineral, this review aims to bring current information on metabolism, bioavailability and intake of this micronutrient. A narrative review was conducted, and the literature was carried out in the databases PubMed, SciELO, Lilacs, using the following key words: “magnesium metabolism”, “bioavailability”, “intake”. Magnesium deficiency can result from inadequate intake or increased excretion, and the homeostasis of this nutrient in our body is mainly regulated by the kidneys. There are factors that inhibit the absorption process of magnesium, such as the presence in the diet of foods rich in phytates, oxalates, phosphates and dietary fiber; and promoters, such as lactose, and carbohydrates. It is observed that the average intake values of magnesium by the population are lower than recommendations of the Dietary Reference Intakes. Thus, it is clear that there is inadequacy in magnesium consumption, which contributes to manifestation of their disability in the population, and studies on the topic are required, whereas the metabolism of this mineral is not fully elucidated, neither their interactions with other nutrients or dietary substances.