Farias de Queiroz, Mariama; De Santana Cirilo, Marry Aneyts; Silva Viana, Marcia Gabrielle; Cavalcante GalvÃ£o, Georgia Karoline; GuimarÃ£es Negromonte, Adriana; Andrade Figueiredo, Mariana; Rampeloti Almeida, Ana MarÃa
Introduction: Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder characterized by the presence of an extra chromosome that causes its sufferers to various specific characteristics. These characteristics can directly affect feeding practices and nutritional status of these individuals
Objective: This study aimed to assess the nutritional status and dietary habits of people with Down Syndrome in the institutions of Pernambuco.
Methodology: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted with individuals of both sexes and aged between 2 years and 45 years, exclusively covering people with Down Syndrome. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect socioeconomic, anthropometric and dietary data.
Results and Discussion: In the sample analyzed overweight was observed in 100% of adults and 80% of children and adolescents, even with satisfactory characteristics as bowel function preserved, high water intake and physical exercise furthermore noted a good degree of education of the parents and that they were consuming a balanced diet, which does not justify the prevalent nutritional status.
Conclusion: Compared to overweight the population studied, is necessary make more studies in order to observe and characterize better the genesis of this nutritional problem. Nutritional monitoring is advisable for these individuals in order to improve the development of good eating habits and thus increase their quality of life by improving the nutritional profile of them and preventing the onset of other chronic diseases.