VÃ¡zquez SÃ¡nchez, Vanessa1; Rangel Rivero, Armando1; PeÃ±a Alcolea, Sairys1; DÃaz RodrÃguez, Yoandry Alfonso2; Ramenzoni, Victoria3
Introduction: There are jobs that required intense physical activity and high energy expenditure, such as fish and agriculture. That’s why, occupation, is one of the variables that influence in nutritional status and body composition of people who practice thisactivities.
Objective: to compare nutritional status and body composition of a group of farmers and occasionally fisherman from Yaguajay municipality, Sancti Spíritus province, in north center of Cuba.
Methods: The sample were 19 farmers and 14 occasionally fisherman. The nutritional status was evaluated by body mass index and the risk of central adiposity according to waist circumference. It was estimated body composition. The comparison of variables between farmers and fisherman was done by the t Student test, con significance level <0.05. The dates were analyzed by SPSS 16.
Results and discussion: There was a higher frequency of fisherman with overweight according to BMI, with higher risk of non-communicable diseases because of the greater values of waist circumference and with higher general and central adiposity relatively to farmers.
Conclusions: There was evidence of the influence of type of jobs because farmers do physical exercise every day in agriculture, meanwhile fisherman fish occasionally and they have different occupations that include some sedentary activities.