Bazzi, Nicole Bento1; Leal, Viviam2; Lira JÃºnior, Humberto Fenner3; Santos, JosÃ© Mauro1; Ferreira, Marilyn GonÃ§alves1; Zeni, LÃºcia AndrÃ©ia Zanette Ramos1
Introduction: The nutritional status is one of the most important independent factors in postoperative outcomes in elective surgeries.
Objectives: To evaluate the preoperative nutritional status and postoperative fasting time in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery
Methods: Cross-sectional study with evaluation of patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. Held assessment of nutritional risk by Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS) and the assessment of nutritional status through the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), anthropometric, biochemical tests, evaluation of handshake strength and post fasting period operatively.
Results: We studied 30 patients admitted to the coloproctology service HU / UFSC, with a mean age of 51.13 ± 2.88 years, and the majority were male (56.8%) and the diagnosis of malignancy (56.6%). According to NRS 50% of patients were at nutritional risk and the ASG 30% were classified as moderately malnourished. To evaluate the association between clinical diagnosis of malignancy of colorectal disease and the evaluation of nutritional status with other anthropometric parameters were statistically significant for weight loss. The postoperative fasting time was 3.2 ± 0.31 days.
Conclusion: The sample malnutrition especially in patients with malignant disease. The weight loss may be considered an important nutritional parameters in patients with malignant disease and the occurrence of post-operative complications. Fasting time postoperatively was higher than twenty-four hours.