Miramontes FandiÃ±o, Minia MarÃa; MaÃ±a, Iria
Introduction: people living in altitude (≥1500 ms) need in their food intake higher energy, because higher energy demand is greater by environmental conditions to determine whether increased consumption of carbohydrates occurs as an adaptation compared to the coastal population and its impact on health conditions like type 2 diabetes and blood pressure.
Methods: screening instrument for data collection of food preferences among 205 IMSS patient’s nutrition services of valleys and coastline, SQL Method for the distribution of food preferences and contingency analysis for the relationship of the variables.
Results: 19 ,40% of subjects with Diabetes II in the valleys and 7, 97% on the coast. Diabetes 2 depends of the height (p=0.021) but, does not depend on consumption of carbohydrates (p=0.708). The blood pressure does not depend on the height (p=0.538) or consumption of carbohydrates (p=0.401).
Conclusion: The highest number of inhabitants Native American so and the highest prevalence of Diabetes II in the valleys versus the coast would suggest the thrifty genotype hypothesis for the appearance of the Diabetes 2.