Prevalence of nutritional risk in a hospital of second level | 75928


Prevalence of nutritional risk in a hospital of second level in the Mexico State

Author(s): Jaimes Alpízar, Emigdio1,2,3; Zúñiga Torres, María Guadalupe4; Medina García, Ariana1; Reyes Barretero, Diana Yolanda2,3; Cruz Castillo, Andrea Bibiana2

Introduction: Malnutrition is a frequent cause of mortality and one of the principal health problems of the world. However, it is primarily reflected in hospitalized patients. The prevalence of malnutrition upon entry into the hospital affects approximately between 40 to 45 % of patients.

Objective: Determining nutritional risk by using the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) in hospitalized patients of the Hospital General Tejupilco of Health Institute of Mexico State (ISEM).

Material and methods: Descriptive observation and cross-study where patients were selected from ISEM, and they were administered the NRS 2002 and the nutritional riskof each patient was studied. The results were analyzed by using means of central tendency with the SPSS program, including bivariate analysis and correlations (Fischer, chi2 and t).

Results: The study found a prevalence of malnutrition of 40 .8% in the population and the majority was the female sex. The principal illnesses in which risk of malnutrition was found include inter-cranial trauma with 100% of patients, kidney failure with 82.4 % of patients and gastrointestinal bleeding with 70% of patients.

Discussion: The body mass index, age and diagnosis of income are statistically significant risk for nutritional factors.

Conclusions: Hospital malnutrition continues to be presented in our country, as this study indicates a high rate of presence. Early detection of nutritional risk is vital in hospitalized patients in order to deliver appropriate nutritional therapy to lower mortality rates.

Web of Science


2022 CiteScore

14th percentile
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
Awards Nomination
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 2439

Clinical Nutrition and Hospital Dietetics received 2439 citations as per google scholar report

Indexed In
  • Google Scholar
  • Open J Gate
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • Academic Keys
  • JournalTOCs
  • ResearchBible
  • Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
  • Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA)
  • Electronic Journals Library
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • SWB online catalog
  • Virtual Library of Biology (vifabio)
  • Publons
  • MIAR
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • Euro Pub
  • Web of Science

Manuscript Submission

Submit your manuscript at

Journal Highlights
  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Cholesterol, Dehydration
  • Digestion
  • Electrolytes
  • Clinical Nutrition Studies
  • energy balance
  • Diet quality
  • Clinical Nutrition and Hospital Dietetics