Alheiros Lira, Maria ClÃ¡udia1; Menezes de Souza, NatÃ¡lia Mayara2; Pessoa de AraÃºjo Burgos, Maria Goretti3
Introduction: The main cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients are cardiovascular atherosclerotic diseases, and are also the biggest contributors for direct and indirect costs of diabetes.
Objetive: This study evaluated cross descriptive analysis the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in 131 diabetic women aged ³ 20 years old accompanied on Ambulatory of Nutrition/Diabetes in a teaching hospital in Recife – Pernambuco
Subjects and Methods: We evaluated the variables income, education, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, body mass index, waist circumference, personal/family clinical history and consumption of risk foods and cardioprotective foods.
Results: The most prevalent risk factors for cardiovascular disease were very high waist circumference (86.9%) and physical inactivity (83.2%). The prevalence of personal (79.4%) and family (74.0%) clinical history of hypertension, overweight (77,5%), low income (75.6%) and low school level (67.1%) were also relevant. It was found that smoking (2.3%), alcohol (0.8%) and consumption of cardiovascular risk food didn`t constitutes risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Conclusion: Among cardiovascular risk food more consumed, the highlights were margarine and whole milk (10.8%) and among cardioprotective food, the highlights were tomato (64,9%) and bean (62,6%). Due to high prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in diabetic women, we emphasize the importance of the development of actions aimed at achieving metabolic control in order to prevent or collaborate in the treatment of cardiovascular disease.