Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in dia | 75973


Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in diabetic women

Author(s): Alheiros Lira, Maria Cláudia1; Menezes de Souza, Natália Mayara2; Pessoa de Araújo Burgos, Maria Goretti3

Introduction: The main cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients are cardiovascular atherosclerotic diseases, and are also the biggest contributors for direct and indirect costs of diabetes.

Objetive: This study evaluated cross descriptive analysis the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in 131 diabetic women aged ³ 20 years old accompanied on Ambulatory of Nutrition/Diabetes in a teaching hospital in Recife – Pernambuco

Subjects and Methods: We evaluated the variables income, education, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, body mass index, waist circumference, personal/family clinical history and consumption of risk foods and cardioprotective foods.

Results: The most prevalent risk factors for cardiovascular disease were very high waist circumference (86.9%) and physical inactivity (83.2%). The prevalence of personal (79.4%) and family (74.0%) clinical history of hypertension, overweight (77,5%), low income (75.6%) and low school level (67.1%) were also relevant. It was found that smoking (2.3%), alcohol (0.8%) and consumption of cardiovascular risk food didn`t constitutes risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

Conclusion: Among cardiovascular risk food more consumed, the highlights were margarine and whole milk (10.8%) and among cardioprotective food, the highlights were tomato (64,9%) and bean (62,6%). Due to high prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in diabetic women, we emphasize the importance of the development of actions aimed at achieving metabolic control in order to prevent or collaborate in the treatment of cardiovascular disease.

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Citations : 2439

Clinical Nutrition and Hospital Dietetics received 2439 citations as per google scholar report

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Journal Highlights
  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Cholesterol, Dehydration
  • Digestion
  • Electrolytes
  • Clinical Nutrition Studies
  • energy balance
  • Diet quality
  • Clinical Nutrition and Hospital Dietetics