Reyes Barretero, Diana Yolanda1; Cruz Castillo, Andrea Bibiana2; Jaimes AlpÃzar, Emigdio1; Carmona Vilchis, Jazmin3; Cabrera Galeana, Paula Anel
1; SÃ¡nchez Flores, Diana Paula1; Barrera Franco, JosÃ© Luis
Introduction: In Mexico, breast cancer is the main cause for neoplasia. Overweight and obesity are considered to be risk factors that contribute to this condition, but they can be modified since they are directly connected with eating habits and an inadequate life style.
Objective: To identify the prevalence of overweight and obesity according to the body mass index and fat percentage in patients who have been diagnosed with breast cancer at the Centro Oncologico Estatal ISSEMyM.
Method and material: Prospective, transversal, observational and descriptive study, some patients who had just been diagnosed with breast cancer were chosen. These patients underwent an anthropometry and an evaluation of their body composition through bioelectrical impedance. The data was analised through the program SPSS 21.0 and a bivariate test made with Chi2 and in reprocity to Pearson.
Results and discussion: A total of 160 patients were included, 90.63% of them were adult women and they were above the normal parameters for MBI and fat percentage. 76.89% of the patients were overweight according to their MBI. 81.25% had a fat percentange which was not healthy, since it was very high, and they were obese.
Conclusions: Patients diagnosed with breast cancer showed high prevalence of overweight, obesity and a high fat percentage.