Soldevila Boixader, Laura1; Formiga, Francesc1; Franco, Jonathan1; Chivite, David1; Corbella, Xavier1,2
Objectives: To analyze the prognostic value of an easily available nutritional index in hospitalized patients for acute heart failure (AHF).
Material And Methods: Clinical and laboratory variables of 253 admitted patients due to AHF were prospectively evaluated. The Nutritional Control Index (CONUT) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) were calculated on admission and compared. Patients were divided into two groups: CONUT 0-1 (proper nutrition) vs CONUT ≥ 2 (malnutrition), and inhospital mortality and after one year of follow-up were assessed.
Results: 162 patients (62%) had detectable risk of malnutrition on admission by CONUT score, when only 27 (10.6 %) by MNA-SF, showing no statistical. There were no differences between patients with proper nutrition and malnutrition by CONUT score in terms of inhospital mortality and after one year of follow-up.
Conclusions: No correlation was shown between CONUT and MNA-SF scores for detecting nutritional status in hospitalized patients with AHF. Furthermore, CONUT score does not seem to provide useful prognostic information for detecting risk of inhospital mortality and after one year of follow-up.