Ortega CortÃ©s, Rosa1; GarcÃa Montalvo, Anel1; Trujillo, XÃ³chitl2; Barrera de LÃ©on, Juan Carlos1; LÃ³pez BeltrÃ¡n, Ana Laura1; Delgadillo Ruano, Martha Alicia1; Leal CortÃ©s, Caridad Ãurea3
Metabolic syndrome (MS) consisting of set of metabolic and cardiovascular disorders related to insulin resistance and visceral fat. Anthropometric visceral adiposity indices are useful tools that could detect metabolic complications in obese children. Objective to determine correlation between visceral adiposity indices and components of MS in obese pediatric patients. Transversal, patients 6-16 years. Inclusion: BMI ≥ 85p, exclusion endogenous obesity, genopathies, steroid use, wheelchair and plasters. Variables: WC (waist circumference), WHtI (waist-height index), WHR (waist-hip ratio), SBP, DBP (systolic and diastolic blood pressure), triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL (high lipoprotein density), LDL (low density lipoprotein) VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein), serum uric acid, insulin, HOMA index. international standards for variables. Statistics: frequencies, percentages, means / medium, DS / range, Pearson correlation. Results: 83 patients, median 11 years. 49 (51%) male. Average BMI 31.4 (SD 6.3). Diagnosis of visceral obesity = 96.3% by WHI; WC = 80.7% and 57.8% WHR. Correlations WC with SBP, r = 0.35, p 0.001; DBP, r = 0.29, p = 0.008; Uric acid r = 0.25, p 0.02 and LDL-C r= 0.23, p 0.029. WHI with LDL, r = 0.29, p 0.009. WHR with HDL, r 0.34, p 0.002. The WHtI was the most detected visceral adiposity and the WHR was the least diagnosed. We concluded the WC correlated with more components of MS. Significant correlations: WHtI with LDL; WHR with HDL and WC with SBP, DBP, LDL and serum uric acid.