Relationship between blood glucose levels and maximum strength in a sample of university students | Abstract

Abstract

Relationship between blood glucose levels and maximum strength in a sample of university students

Author(s): Jhonatan Camilo PEƃ?A IBAGON1, Carlos Alberto OSORIO FIGUEROA1, William Felipe MARTIN ALEMAN1, Frank Jorge RINCON VASQUEZ1, Luis Andres TELLEZ TINJCA2

Introduction: One of the metabolic health markers that is most associated with a person’s maximum strength (FM) levels are glucose (GL) levels. Despite this, no studies have been developed in the Colombian university population to establish the relationship between these variables.

Methods: During the second semester of 2019 and the first semester of 2020, a descriptive and cross-sectional study was developed, in 139 students of the sports training program of the university foundation of the Andean area (101 men and 38 women) located in Bogotá, Colombia. GL in blood was evaluated with the ACCUTREND equipment, by applying a capillary sample under fasting conditions. The FM was evaluated by applying a direct protocol for the measurement of a maximum repetition (1RM) in 6 different exercises: full squat on Smith bench, free chest press, knee extension on machine, seated free military press, incline press and chest pull on machine.

Results: Men presented better performance in the 1 RM protocols compared to women (P 0.05). In the total of the samples, the participants with lower performance in the variables of general index of strength and general index of adjusted strength (Q1) presented higher levels of GL in blood compared to those with better performance (Q4) (P <0.05).

Discussion and Conclusions: The results of this research can be very useful for professionals in the field of sports training since in university contexts in which blood tests that allow identifying the metabolic health of their students cannot be applied, the measurement of FM is a viable and practical alternative to indirectly identify students with a possible metabolic disorder