Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in elderly and adul | 75656


Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in elderly and adults at a university hospital

Author(s): Franca Covatti, Chrissy; Maurino dos Santos, Jessica; Aparecida de Souza Vicente, Amanda; Tais Greff, Natalia; Pereira Vicentini, Andrea

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are considered the main causes of death in the world, having a strong impact on quality of life, causing premature disability and increased hospital stay of the individual. Besides, representing vast impact on the economy and health and social security systems. What justifies the search for risk factors (RF) related to its development. Among the various FR are modifiable such as smoking, sedentary lifestyle, diet, hypertension, dyslipidemia, glucose intolerance,obesity and non-modifiable: age, sex, race and heredity. These factors can interact and increase the risk of developing CVD. Therefore, aimed to evaluate the presence of RF for CVD in elderly and adults patients at the University Hospital. We used data from screening Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (weight, height, body mass index - BMI and patient ID) and supplemented with
a measure of waist circumference (WC), questioned the habit of smoking and practice of physical activity. We evaluated 914 patients with a mean age of 53.2 ± 17.2 years, most patients reported being sedentary, overweight according BMI and risk for CVD according CC. There was a majority of men with low weight and no risk for CVD and women with overweight/obesity and very high risk. One limitation of this study can be attributed the fact that about 1/3 of the patients were bedridden, making it difficult to measure the CC. Therefore, it is necessary planning and implementation of comprehensive healthcare actions focusing on prevention of CVD, enabling the university hospital as a center for training of human resources and technology development for health, improve service and the preparation of technical protocols that improve the efficiency standards at the disposal of the Unified Health System network (SUS).

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Citations : 2439

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Journal Highlights
  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Cholesterol, Dehydration
  • Digestion
  • Electrolytes
  • Clinical Nutrition Studies
  • energy balance
  • Diet quality
  • Clinical Nutrition and Hospital Dietetics