Illescas NÃ¡jera, Idalia; Acosta Cervantes, MarÃa del Carmen; SÃ¡nchez Rovelo, MarÃa ConcepciÃ³n; Del Socorro Mateu Armand, MarÃa Virginia; Garcimarrero Espino, Eli Alejandra
Objective: This research identified the eating behavior of obese school to learn your preferences in the selection of food.
Methods: This observational qualitative study school, based on face to face interviews for data collection and observation guide in order to inquire about their preferences in the selection of food at recess, exit and input to the primary.
Results: School respondents have economic availability to purchase a snack at school or outside of school cooperative establishments near the time of departure, the offer is limited to foods with empty calories of high energy density, influenced by the low nutritional guidance of parents and teachers, as well as the mass media, especially television that encourages inactivity and obesity result. We found that several of them are already experiencing different emotions related to their way of eating, have no self-perceived body image friendly and consequently the risk of eating behavior disorders.
Discussion: The results of this study corroborate the findings of the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 conducted in Mexico, with a significant presence of overweight and obesity in school-age children, influenced by the offer of some nutrients through school cooperatives not doing their job to nurture and educate on food as established by the NOM 043 guidance for Food and little knowledge about both parents and teachers, coupled with a sedentary lifestyle is promoted by lack of the subject of Physical Education, plus spend considerable time watching TV where unhealthy food promotion is made. All this affects the development in parallel with other disturbances of eating behavior, accompanied or caused by feelings of anxiety, frustration, anger and a negative self-perception of body image, situations that put the school in a vulnerable state and chances of developing various types of alterations biological, psychological and social.
Conclusion: Although there are adequate regulations for proper nutrition school, still rising overweight and obesity with its accompanying side effects that result in some dissatisfaction with their body image as well as the development of eating behavior altered.