Supplementation with immunonutrients after thromboembolectom | 76330


Supplementation with immunonutrients after thromboembolectomy: a case report

Author(s): Lucchesi, Fabiana de Arruda1; Lemos, Joyce Canuto Rocha2; Pinheiro, Macelly de Morais2; Pinheiro Gadelha, Patrícia Calado Ferreira2

Introduction: Healing is a process of immediate and dynamic tissue repair in response to an injury, in order to restore the anatomical, structural and functional characteristics of the damaged tissue. In order for healing to occur, adequate intake of macro and micronutrients such as proteins, arginine, glutamine, vitamin C, iron and zinc, as well as hydration is required.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of immunonutrient supplementation on healing after complicated thromboembolectomy.

Results: A 30-year-old female patient, watery occlusion and critical ischemia of the left lower limb, submitted to thromboembolectomy with limb fasciotomy

Discussion: The patient of the present case report presents several risk factors that are related to the incidence of venous thrombosis, such as contraceptive use, smoking, overweight and sedentary lifestyle. Thus, the adoption of healthy life habits may contribute to the prevention of thromboembolic events. Regarding nutrition, the importance of the use of specific nutritional therapy with immunomodulatory nutrients is emphasized, favoring the modulation of the inflammatory and immunological response, as well as wound healing.

Conclusion: The use of nutritional therapy with specific immunomodulatory parameters for wound healing influences positively the clinical outcome in the postoperative period of thromboembolectomy. An adjuvant immunomodulation at the postoperative wound closure reduces the indications of new procedures and as chances of amputation of the left lower limb in a patient with compartment syndrome through venous thrombosis.

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Journal Highlights
  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Cholesterol, Dehydration
  • Digestion
  • Electrolytes
  • Clinical Nutrition Studies
  • energy balance
  • Diet quality
  • Clinical Nutrition and Hospital Dietetics