Swapna CHATURVEDI, Divya TRIPATHI, Naval Kishore VIKRAM, Kumble S MADHUSUDHAN, Ravindra Mohan PANDEY and Neena BHATIA*
Introduction: Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)
has emerged as a public health problem in India
against the backdrop of diabetes, dyslipidemias, and central
obesity. It is related to lifestyle factors including diet
and physical activity.
Aim: To study the association between lifestyle factors
and NAFLD, in an adult Indian population.
Materials and Methods: The study included 320 subjects,
comprising 160 cases (patients with NAFLD) and
160 controls (without NAFLD), and were recruited from a
tertiary care hospital in North India. Data on socio-demographic
profile, clinical, and anthropometric parameters,
biochemical measurements, dietary pattern and physical
activity patterns were obtained.
Results: Risk factors for NAFLD included central obesity
(waist circumference >80 cm in females and >90 cm in
males), high consumption of edible oil (>25 g for males
and >20 g for females), evening snack intake, intake of
savory intake more than twice a week, intake of alcohol
(even less than the cut-off).
Conclusion: The lifestyle risk factors of the present
study can be incorporated as components of nutrition and lifestyle education programs on preventive strategies
for NAFLD at both clinical and community level.